Rear suspension leaf spring (P100 models) - removal and refitting

Note: All self-locking nuts and spring washers must be renewed on reassembly.

Removal
1 Chock the front wheels, jack up the rear of the vehicle and support on axle stands placed under the side members. Note that a loaded vehicle must not be jacked under the differential casing.

2 Support the relevant side of the rear axle with a jack, using an interposed block of wood under the axle tube to spread the load.

3 Unscrew the nuts, and remove the two U-bolts on each side of the vehicle which secure the axle to the leaf springs (see illustration). Note that there is no need to disconnect the shock absorber from the U-bolt counterplate.

19.3 Unscrew the nuts (arrowed) from the rear axle-to-leaf spring U-bolts
19.3 Unscrew the nuts (arrowed) from the rear axle-to-leaf spring U-bolts

4 Unbolt the leaf spring from the front bracket on the underbody (see illustration).

19.4 Leaf spring front bracket
19.4 Leaf spring front bracket

5 Loosen the spring shackle-to-underbody bolt, then unbolt the leaf spring from the spring shackle and remove the spring (see illustration).

19.5 Leaf spring shackle
19.5 Leaf spring shackle

Refitting
6 Refitting is a reversal of removal, bearing in mind the following points.

7 Do not fully tighten the leaf spring mounting bolts or the spring shackle-to-underbody bolt until the weight of the vehicle is resting on its roadwheels.

8 Renew all self-locking nuts and spring washers.

9 Align the axle on the leaf spring so that the locating pin on the spring engages with the corresponding hole in the axle. Similarly ensure that the U-bolt counterplate engages with the locating pin on the leaf spring.

Rear suspension leaf spring shackle (P100 models) - removal and refitting

Note: All self-locking nuts and spring washers must be renewed on reassembly.

Removal
1 Chock the front wheels, jack up the rear of the vehicle and support on axle stands placed under the side members. Note that a loaded vehicle must not be jacked under the differential casing.

2 Support the relevant side of the rear axle with a jack, using an interposed block of wood under the axle tube to spread the load.

3 Unscrew and remove the spring shackle-to-underbody bolt and the leaf spring-to-spring shackle bolt, and remove the shackle components.

4 Examine the components for wear and damage and renew as necessary.

Refitting
5 Refitting is a reversal of removal, but renew all self-locking nuts and spring washers, and do not fully tighten the bolts until the weight of the vehicle is resting on its roadwheels.

Rear suspension leaf spring bush (P100 models) - renewal

Note: All self-locking nuts and spring washers must be renewed on reassembly.

1 Proceed as described in Section 19, paragraphs 1 to 3 inclusive.

2 Unbolt the relevant end of the leaf spring, and lower it to gain access to the bush. Note that if the shackle end of the spring is unbolted, the shackle-to-underbody bolt should be loosened in order to aid refitting.

3 The bush can be removed using a long bolt with nut, washers and a suitable metal tube.

4 Lubricate the new bush with soapy water and fit using the bolt, nut, washers and tube.

5 Proceed as described in Section 19, paragraphs 6 to 9 inclusive.

    See also:

    Fuel vapour separator (models from 1985) - removal and refitting
    Caution: Refer to the precautions in Section 1 before proceeding. Removal 1 On SOHC models, the vapour separator is located on the left-hand side of the engine compartment. On CVH models, the va ...

    Engine/automatic transmission assembly - removal and separation
    Note: A suitable hoist and lifting tackle will be required for this operation. Any suspected faults in the automatic transmission should be referred to a Ford dealer or automatic transmission spec ...

    Maintenance - upholstery and carpets
    Mats and carpets should be brushed or vacuum cleaned regularly to keep them free of grit. If they are badly stained remove them from the vehicle for scrubbing or sponging and make quite sure they ...