1 When engine performance is poor, or if misfiring occurs which cannot be attributed to the ignition or fuel system, a compression test can provide diagnostic clues. If the test is performed regularly it can give warning of trouble before any other symptoms become apparent.
2 The engine must be at operating temperature, the battery must be fully charged and the spark plugs must be removed. The services of an assistant will also be required.
3 Disable the ignition system by disconnecting the coil LT feed. Fit the compression tester to No 1 spark plug hole.
(The type of tester which screws into the spark plug hole is to be preferred.) 4 Have the assistant hold the throttle wide open and crank the engine on the starter.
Record the highest reading obtained on the compression tester.
5 Repeat the test on the remaining cylinders, recording the pressure developed in each.
6 Desired pressures are given in the Specifications. If the pressure in any cylinder is low, introduce a teaspoonful of clean engine oil into the spark plug hole and repeat the test.
7 If the addition of oil temporarily improves the compression pressure, this indicates that bore, piston or piston ring wear was responsible for the pressure loss. No improvement suggests that leaking or burnt valves, or a blown head gasket, may be to blame.
8 A low reading from the two adjacent cylinders is almost certainly due to the head gasket between them having blown.
9 On completion of the test, refit the spark plugs and reconnect the coil LT feed.
Major operations possible with the engine in the vehicle
The following operations can be carried out
without removing the engine from the vehicle:
a) Removal and servicing of the cylinder
b) Removal of the camshaft after removal of the cylinder head
c) Removal of the timing belt and sprockets d) Removal of the sump
e) Removal of the oil pump f) Removal of the pistons and connecting rods
g) Removal of the big-end bearings h) Removal of the engine mountings i) Removal of the clutch and flywheel j) Removal of crankshaft front and rear oil seals
k) Removal of the auxiliary shaft
Major operations requiring engine removal
The following operations can only be carried
out after removing the engine from the
a) Removal of the crankshaft main bearings b) Removal of the crankshaft
Alternator - removal and refitting
Note: Refer to the precautions at the end of Section 1 before proceeding. Removal 1 The operations are similar for all makes of alternator. 2 Disconnect the battery negative terminal, then disco ...
Headlamps - alignment
1 It is recommended that the headlamp alignment is carried out by a Ford dealer using specialist beam setting equipment. However, in an emergency the following procedure will provide an acceptable ...
Load apportioning valve (anti-lock braking system) - removal
Note: Before starting work, refer to the warning at the beginning of Section 3 concerning the dangers of hydraulic fluid. Removal 1 Raise the car on a hoist or drive the rear of the car up on ram ...