Bumper - removal and refitting
Models up to 1987
1 Remove the radiator grille panel.
2 Disconnect the battery negative lead, then disconnect the wiring plugs from the indicators, and where applicable the foglamps.
3 Working under the front wing, release the single bumper fastener from each side of the vehicle by turning the plastic clip through 90º (quarter of a turn).
4 On Ghia models, unclip the support strap between each front wing and the bumper.
5 Unscrew the single bolt securing each bumper fixing bracket to the body front panel, then pull the bumper forwards away from the body, disengaging the retaining pegs from the clips in each wing.
6 Refitting is a reversal of removal; ensure that all fixings are correctly located and secure.
Models from 1987
7 If foglamps are fitted, disconnect the battery negative lead, then disconnect the wiring plugs from the foglamps.
8 Working under the front wings, unscrew the single bolt from each side of the bumper.
9 Release the plastic retaining screws and pull the wheel arch liners away from the ends of the bumper.
10 Pull the bumper forwards away from the body, releasing the front mounting spigots from their sockets.
11 Refitting is a reversal of removal, but ensure that the reinforcing plate and O-ring are located on the right-hand mounting spigot.
12 The bumper height can be adjusted by turning the adjusters located on the front mounting spigots using a suitable Torx screwdriver with a length of at least 150.0 mm (6.0 in) (see illustrations).
30.12a Adjusting the height of a front bumper - models from 1987
30.12b Front bumper height adjusting screw - models from 1987
Rear bumper - Saloon, Hatchback
and Estate models
13 Disconnect the battery negative lead, then prise the number plate lamps from the bumper, and disconnect the wiring plugs. Withdraw the wiring through the bumper assembly.
14 Working inside the luggage compartment, unscrew the two bumper securing bolts.
15 Working under the rear wings, release the single bumper fastener from each side of the vehicle by turning the plastic clip through 90º (quarter of a turn) (see illustration).
30.15 Rear bumper plastic fastener
16 Pull the bumper rearwards away from the body, disengaging the retaining pegs from the clips in each wing.
17 Refitting is a reversal of removal, but ensure that all fixings are correctly located and secure.
18 On some later models, the bumper height can be adjusted by means of the adjusters located on the mounting brackets - see paragraph 12 (see illustration).
30.18 Adjusting the height of a rear bumper
Rear bump stop - P100 models 19 Working underneath the vehicle, unscrew the two securing nuts and washers from the bump stop studs, and withdraw the bump stop (see illustration).
30.19 Rear bump stop securing nut locations (arrowed) - P100 models
20 Refitting is a reversal of removal.
Bumper trim moulding - renewal
New bumpers are supplied without the trim moulding fitted. Special primer and adhesive tape are specified by the manufacturer to retain the moulding: it is suggested that a Ford dealer is consulted for further details.
A damaged moulding can be removed by prising it from the bumper using a screwdriver.
Alternator - removal and refitting
Note: Refer to the precautions at the end of Section 1 before proceeding. Removal 1 The operations are similar for all makes of alternator. 2 Disconnect the battery negative terminal, then disco ...
Front foglamps - removal and refitting
1 Disconnect the battery negative lead. Models up to 1987 2 Remove the relevant front direction indicator lamp unit. 3 Release the retaining catch on the inside edge of the lamp, then withdraw th ...
Auxiliary drivebelt check (Every 12 000 miles (20 000 km) or 12 months)
1 Refer to the Specifications at the beginning of this Chapter and check the tension of each drivebelt at the point stated. Check the full length of each drivebelt for cracks and deterioration. It ...